Baudin’s Black Cockatoo

Calyptorhynchus Baudinii

Baudin's Black Cockatoo

Description

Other names: Long-billed black cockatoo

This species of white-tailed black cockatoo was named in honour of eighteenth century French explorer and naturalist Nicolas Baudin.

Description: This large black cockatoo has white under its tail. It is distinguished from Carnaby’s black cockatoo by the long, down curved tip on its upper mandible, which is used to extract seeds from fruits, especially from marri (Corymbia calophylla). Their flock call can be described as a short “which witch” and “bunyip bunyip”.

Distribution: Baudin’s black cockatoo is restricted to the south west corner of Western Australia from near Perth to Albany, inland to about Narrogin. It inhabits jarrah (Eucalyptus marginal), marri and karri (E. diversicolor) forest, woodland and coastal shrubs.

Places where I have myself observed the Baudin’s black cockatoos are Darlington, Kalamunda and Margaret River region.

Biology and ecology: This bird nests in large, deep hollows in karri, marri and wand (E. wandoo), where two eggs are laid. Breeding success, however is low. Often, like for the Carnaby’s black cockatoo, only one chick would survive. Nests are thinly dispersed. Baudin’s black cockatoo feeds mainly on marri seeds and flowers, but will take seeds from apples and pears in orchards and from pine cones. Baudin’s black cockatoos feeding on orchards have led to farmers treating them as pest and therefore led to a sharp decline in their numbers due to shooting. Shooting in nowadays illegal and can lead to $250,000 maximum fine. According to WWF spokeswoman Rebecca Boyland, out of the 10,000 existing Baudin’s black cockatoos in the wild, 200 are shot every year. See Sweeties story who survived gunshots on this page.

Diet: marri nuts, banksia, hakea, apple, pears seeds, nectar, buds and flowers. They are also found of beetle larvae that they find by stripping the bark from dead trees.

So what can be done for preventing Baudin’s black cockatoos from damaging crops? Netting is probably by the best solutions. Some other solutions can be discussed with DBCA.

Baudin's Black Cockatoo

Threats: Up to a quarter of the original habitat of Baudin’s black cockatoo has been cleared for agriculture. Logging has removed many of the old trees with good hollows and has also removed many big marri that produce large quantities of flowers and seeds. An example of logging area is Nannup, where trees are not checked for hollows before being felled. It happens that chicks can be inside a hollow while a tree is being felled. Other treats include, competition against other bird species such as Galahs and Corellas, feral bees, illegal shooting and vehicle strike due to the birds needing take for taking off ( they are large birds).

Status: Endangered

How you can help

  • Spread the word
  • Report injured birds to Kaarakin (08 9390 2288)
  • Plant local species such as banksias, hakes and grevilleas in urban backyards. Marri or jarrah tree in rural backyards.
  • Install bird bath
  • Report shooting or poaching to DBCA (1800 449 453)
  • Orchadists: Please contact DBCA to find out how you can safely protect your crops.

Source: Threatened Animals of Western Australia by Andrew A. Burbidge

 

Learn more about black cockatoos on this page.